Welcome to Reis Tennis Services

Soft surfaces (grass, clay, Har-Tru or Fast-Dry) tennis courts are built on porous base surfaces.
If we were to put a sample of those court materials under a microscope, we would see particles varying in shape and sizes, which must be bound and compressed in order to meet playing conditions. Here is where we run into complications. We need a compacted surface for a good bounce, but it must be porous enough for the water to penetrate to allow drainage and evaporation.
It turns out that because of ground settling, playing, sweeping, irrigating, snowing, raining, rolling, etc., the initial installation is modified. Eventually, the smaller particles will accumulate in the lower layer and the larger ones are removed periodically by normal maintenance.
Years go by and we do not realize that we contributed to this inevitable factor.
New surfacing material layers are installed and extra fine particles will mesh and gradually sink down, being hidden by the top layers of material. Gradually, “dead,” loose materials are removed.
The more compacted the layers are, the slower the water will penetrate.
Depending on various factors after a certain period of time, it will be necessary to apply a "Face Lift", which would be the installation of up to an inch of fresh surfacing material on the court.
The fresh material, however, will not bind properly over the old super compacted remaining surface even if we scarify the compacted surface with abrasive equipment.
The solution would be to remove everything and start from scratch.
But there are lots of expensive reusable materials in there! What can be done?
If you have tried everything, look for solutions in the manual!
Good bounce = compacted permeable surface…
Permeable surface layers = good drainage/evaporation
Reis Tennis Services' manual says: WATER JET DRILLING.
Periodically drilling holes through the top surface will fracture the layers of super compacted surfacing material, improving the permeability considerably.
Water jet machines are being used on golf courses and are also getting very popular on tennis courts because they help a lot.
Reis Tennis Services is using the WATER JET DRILLING and the results are amazing!
Give us a call for further explanation.

Clay, Har-Tru, Fast-Dry courts water penetration.
Over a period of years, soft courts will end up with successive layers of cemented small particles covered with layers of newer surfacing material.
This layering significantly reduces permeability and makes managing both surface hydration and hydration with humidity levels very difficult.
Additionally, effective scarification becomes tougher. Aggressive grooming tools and heavy duty scarifiers are no longer effective in improving playing conditions and the only answer is to keep adding more and more fresh resurfacing material.
At this point, it is time for more major intervention.
Several techniques are currently used to counteract the negative effects of the compaction.
These are procedures that may require the assistance of an outside professional and it is recommended that tennis club managers consult a good local contractor.
The Toro HydroJect is a piece of equipment that was invented for use on golf courses and has been applied successfully on soft courts.
The machine shoots highly pressurized jets of water, about the size of a pencil, down into the court surface.
In the process, it creates lateral fractures in the surface. These holes and lateral fractures open space for water to travel through the profile, loosening or softening it up.
Multiple passes are made with the machine across the court surface.
After the holes are drilled, they are back filled with existing surface “dead” material and then the courts are flooded.
A big advantage of this procedure is that the marking tapes do not need to be removed and it takes only a couple of days to conduct, with minimal surface disruption. If the procedure is done before spring reopening, there is no disruption.
As a result, many facilities are choosing to have this done annually as a preventive measure rather than waiting until the courts become very hard and impermeable.
The disadvantage of the procedure is that depending on the level of compaction, the machine may not achieve very deep penetration in the first application, making it necessary to be repeated more than once.
Reis Tennis Services also uses its asphalt milling machine to mill the surface into powder.
The advantage of using these machines is that they are most effective at breaking up the old super compacted surface and making the court almost like new.
The disadvantage is that this procedure does not remove all the fine particles generated during the playing season or over many playing seasons.
This means that the material being reused is out of specification and will tend to compact too much and be less permeable than new Har-Tru.
If the courts are very old, removal of the existing surface material and applying 1” of new surfacing material is recommended. Obviously, it is not applicable on grass courts.
Perhaps by understanding what is happening and clearly outlining a proactive approach to handling the challenges associated with soft surface courts, this will help to dispel that sentiment.
It is recommended to keep detailed records of temperature and humidity, amounts of water applied; time spent on the different maintenance procedures, dates and amounts of when new surfacing material was added.
These records, along with a person who understands what they mean, are likely the most important ingredients for having a successful clay court facility.
That having been said, there is a bitter taste to keep up with a good soft surface tennis court.
If we are looking for a perfect tennis court that is not slippery, with consistent ball bouncing, fast drying time after rain, proper moisture retention, firmness, almost maintenance free; well it is more of a utopia.
A soft court construction involves a coarse gravel base for water penetration and evaporation under a one inch layer of playing surface that should not be too hard and yet be firm enough for supporting all moves and bounces.
After a short period of time after opening the court (playing, rolling, sweeping, watering, wind, rain, etc.), all materials used to build the tennis court tend to settle in different locations than where originally installed.
The ground base moves with earth settling and the surface will deform as well.
Dragging dry surface material with a tennis court broom into wet spots will also contribute to change the installed surface. Think about rolling some areas more often than other…

Have you done water jet on your courts lately?
For years, soft tennis court surfaces have shown a tendency for developing a "crust" on the surface. "Crusting" is usually the result of a high percentage of dissolved minerals in the irrigation water being deposited on the court surface as the water evaporates.
These courts are perfect candidates for a water jet session.
Someone said:-Courts with a layering problem, no matter how much we rolled them, they would not firm up. But, after using the water jet drilling, the courts now perform like new."
If you feel that you are in need of water jet drilling your courts, call our staff for more information and for helpful hints on improving your indoor and outdoor soft courts.